Children begin using an informal version of the scientific method as infants, as they take in information from their senses, form ideas about how the world works, and test and revise their hypotheses based on new information.[i] Science education builds on this natural tendency to explore and understand the physical world by teaching students both scientific content and the principles of scientific reasoning: how to gather and evaluate evidence to form hypotheses, assess the validity of claims, develop predictions, and establish reasoned arguments.
More broadly, it is important for students to learn how science operates as an approach for understanding the world.[ii] Key concepts students should understand about the nature of science include knowledge of the scientific method; concepts such as hypotheses and theories; what forms of evidence are considered legitimate; the role of creativity and experimentation in science; the idea that scientific knowledge is constantly changing and advancing; and the history of science and its role in culture.[iii]
The section below highlights key findings from the research on teaching science.
Sourced through Scoop.it from: researchmap.digitalpromise.org